The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain (/ˈbrɪ.tən/), is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of continental Europe. The country includes the island of Great Britain (a term sometimes loosely applied to the whole state), the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK that shares a land border with another state: the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea in the east, the English Channel in the south and the Irish Sea in the west.
As of 2011, the UK had, a "three day loophole" that allowed registered sex offenders to travel abroad for up to 3 days without informing the authorities of their intent to do so. ECPAT proposed eliminating this loophole, since it allowed sex offenders to theoretically go on child sex tours in countries such as Albania, Romania, and Bulgaria, which can be easily visited from the UK in under three days.