Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 31 million people, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world. It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and China in the far northeast.
Afghanistan has been called "the gay capital of South Asia". Some observers attribute this to the seclusion in which women are kept; there is no possibility of a social encounter with a woman not a relative.
According to the New York Times, pedophilia has openly existed into the twenty-first century, especially in the city of Kandahar. Boy dancers/prostitutes, in a practice known as Bacha bazi, exist semi-clandestinely in both Afghanistan and Pakistan.
- Craig S. Smith, "Kandahar Jounal; Shh, It's an Open Secret: Warlords and Pedophilia", New York Times, February 21, 2002, http://www.nytimes.com/2002/02/21/world/kandahar-journal-shh-it-s-an-open-secret-warlords-and-pedophilia.html.