Ephebophilia (also called hebephilia) is a sexual attraction to pubescent boys also called adolescents, and even young adults (also see; Pederasty). It is often used by boylovers wishing to distinguish an attraction to teenagers from an attraction to younger, pre-pubescent boys (described as pedophilia). A person with such attractions is called an ephebophile (or hebephile). Hebephiles are commonly referred to as Teen boy lovers or TBLs. In some contexts hebephilia is used to signify and differentiate an erotic interest in early adolescence from ephebophilia which is used to refers to the erotic interest in individuals in mid- to late adolescence, however in most cases the two words are interchangeable. It should be noted that until the late twentieth century, ephebophiles and hebephilies were not typically differentiated from teleiophile homosexuals.
- Note: In some contexts hebephilia is used to signify and differentiate an erotic interest in early adolescence from ephebophilia which is used to refers to the erotic interest in individuals in mid- to late adolescence, however in most cases the two words are interchangeable.
The term ephebophilia comes from the Greek: ἔφηβος (ephebos variously defined as "one arrived at puberty", "a youth of eighteen who underwent his dokimasia  and was registered as a citizen (Athens)", and "arriving at man's estate;" and " and φιλία (-philia) "love" .  It has been used by Dutch psychologist Frits Bernard as far back as 1950,  and reprinted in 1960 in the gay support magazine Vriendschap under the pseudonym Victor Servatius, crediting the origin of the term to Magnus Hirschfeld  with no exact date given.
The term has been described by Frenchman Félix Buffière in 1980  and Pakistani scholar Tariq Rahman, who argued that ephebophilia should be especially used with regard to homosexuality when describing the aesthetic and erotic interest of adult men in adolescent boys in classical Persian, Turkish or Urdu literature. The term was additionally revived by Ray Blanchard to describe adult, especially adult male, sexual attraction to 15 to 19-year-olds.  The term was originally used in the late 19th to mid 20th century.  
Ephebe /ɛˈfiːb/(from the Greek ephebos ἔφηβος (plural: epheboi ἔφηβοι), anglicised as ephebe (plural: ephebes), or Latinate ephebus (plural: ephebi) is the term for an adolescent male.
- Rahman, T. (1988). Ephebophilia: the case for the use of a new word. 24. 126–141. doi:10.1093/fmls/XXIV.2.126.
- Bernard, F. (1998). Selected publications of Dr Frits Bernard - An international bibliography. Rotterdam: Enclave.
- Servatius, V. (1960, March 15). Ephebophilie en wetenschap [Ephebophilia and science]. Vriendschap, 35-35.
- Buffière, F. (1980). Éros adolescent : la pédérastie dans la Grèce antique, Paris, p.11.
- Rahman, T. (1990). Boy-Love in the Urdu Ghazal. 7. 1–20.