Voodoo describes a set of spiritual folkways which originated from African traditions. Practitioners of Voodoo believe in “sympathetic magic”. Sympathetic magic principles state a powerful link exists between entities that are similar in appearance or come into contact with each other. Items such as photographs, nail clippings, hair and other objects may be used to create an “image” of another person. This “image” may be used to cast a curse or spell. For this reason, there are some practitioners of Voodoo who are cautious of photographs, as they are powerful items capable of harm. Magic and superstition have surrounded photography from the beginning. Because of the way it captured the image, especially of living people, the camera was widely believed to cause death or illness or to steal the soul. While some cultures still believe that photography can steal your soul, most people in these cultures today allow their photograph to be taken, however infants are protected. It is still believed the souls of infants are fragile and are susceptible to leaving the body.
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In 1994, the US Congress passed the Sexual Exploitation and Other Abuse of Children Act, which established penalties and restitution for sexual assault, domestic violence and child pornography. The law called for full restitution — but it did not specify who should pay what....
At 17, the women codenamed Amy learned that the pictures her uncle took of her had gone "viral on the Internet" and had been downloaded and viewed by an estimated 70,000 individuals  and has sued more than 170 men collecting about $1.7 million. Amy, whose real name is not used in court papers, was reportedly raped and filmed at ages 8 and 9 by her uncle who served 10 years in prison for his actions ..... As a result of massive distribution and viewing of these images of her as a child taken by her uncle (who distributed them on AOL), her lawyers argued, she could not finish college, has had trouble holding a job and will require weekly psychotherapy for the rest of her life,  estimating that the cost of her psychotherapy, lost wages, and other costs would be $3.4 million. However, Amy does appear to be able to navigate the legal system and make decisions.
Doyle Randall Paroline, who possessed just two images of the 280 or more illegal images available on the internet was sentenced in 2009 to two years in prison was found liable by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit for the full amount of the $3.4 million in restitution Amy has claimed. The 5th Circuit said it was up to Paroline—not Amy—to find the other men who could also be on the hook for restitution and go after them for contributions for their part in damaging Amy's soul.
Amy also sought more than $3.3 million from Wright, who had images of Amy stored on his computer. A federal judge ruled Wright owed Amy more than $500,000.
US Supreme Court
In the recent decision by the US Supreme Court on April 23, 2014, Doyle Randall Paroline v. United States, et al. , it was adjudicated that restitution can be awarded based not only on the manufacture, sale, or distribution of child pornography; but can be collected from all those who have been convicted of viewing the image, based on the magical belief  that the act of viewing the image has essentially caused damage to the soul of the person depicted. That the subject of the image could seek limited restitution and that it "would not be severe, but it would not be token," either. It was legally maintained that there is a magical causal link between viewing an image and the "pain and suffering" of its subject.  However, there is no demonstrable scientific evidence which shows the existence of any psychical damage or changes to the brain structure of the subject related to the viewing or other manipulation of the image. It was argued by Paroline that the damage was attributed to Amy's knowledge that images of her uncle's crimes are circulating on the Internet without demonstrating causality to a proximate cause of her suffering, or that there was any demonstrable connection between Paroline's actions and any harm to Amy. The Supreme Court thus upheld the lower court's decision that victims do not have to show any link between the defendant's crime of possession of child pornography and their alleged injuries. 
It should be noted that three US Supreme Court justices dissented and held that the Government's case "lacks any basis in law."
Holding: Restitution to the respondent, who was sexually abused as a young girl to produce child pornography, is proper under 18 U.S.C. § 2259 only to the extent the defendant, who pleaded guilty to possessing images of child porn, including two images of the respondent, was the proximate cause of the victim's losses. Victims should be compensated and defendants should be held accountable for the impact of their conduct on those victims, but defendants should only be made liable for the consequences and gravity of their own conduct, not the conduct of others.
Judgment: Reversed and remanded, 5-4, in an opinion by Justice Kennedy on April 23, 2014. Chief Justice Roberts filed a dissenting opinion, in which Justice Scalia and Justice Thomas joined. Justice Sotomayor also filed a dissenting opinion.
- The religious belief that a photograph can steal a soul. Retrieved on April 27, 2014.
- Edwards, Elizabeth. Oxford Companion to the Photograph:magic and superstition. Oxford University Press. Retrieved on April 27, 2014.
- Sullum, Jacob (February 12, 2014). Looking vs. Touching. Reason Foundation. Retrieved on April 27, 2014.
- Bazelon, Emily (Dec. 4 2013 5:24 PM). Paying Amy. The Slate Group, a Graham Holdings Company. Retrieved on April 27, 2014.
- Wolf, Richard (April 23, 2014). Justices limit restitution to victims by child porn users. USATODAY,. Retrieved on April 27, 2014.
- KUNZELMAN, MICHAEL (October 1, 2012). Doyle Randall Paroline, Michael Wright Owe Child Porn Victim 'Amy' Restitution: Court. The Huffington Post. Retrieved on April 29, 2014.
- DOYLE RANDALL PAROLINE, PETITIONER v. UNITED STATES, ET AL.
- SHERMAN, MARK (June 27, 2013). Supreme Court Takes Up Case On Child Porn Victim Restitution. The Huffington Post. Retrieved on April 29, 2014.
- Paroline v. United States. SCOTUSblog. Retrieved on April 29, 2014.