Difference between revisions of "Trochus/Hoop"

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[[Image:AEGISTHOS PAINTER -460c Love gift (Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien IV-1102) 852x1030.jpg|thumb|left|200px|'''Love gift'''<br>Man presents a leg of mutton to a youth with a hoop, in an allusion to boylove.<ref>''Antike Welten: Meisterwerke griechischer Malerei as dem Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien'', 1997, pp.110-111</ref> Athenian red-figure vase, ca. 460 BC]]  
 
[[Image:AEGISTHOS PAINTER -460c Love gift (Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien IV-1102) 852x1030.jpg|thumb|left|200px|'''Love gift'''<br>Man presents a leg of mutton to a youth with a hoop, in an allusion to boylove.<ref>''Antike Welten: Meisterwerke griechischer Malerei as dem Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien'', 1997, pp.110-111</ref> Athenian red-figure vase, ca. 460 BC]]  
The Greeks referred to the hoop as the ''trochus''. Hoop rolling was practised in the [[Gymnasium (ancient Greece)|gymnasium]], and the hoop was also used for tumbling and dance with different techniques.<ref>A dictionary of Greek and Roman antiquities By Sir William Smith, Charles Anthon; p1020</ref> Although a popular form of recreation, hoop rolling was not featured in competition at the [[Panhellenic Games|major sports festivals]].<ref>Athletics and literature in the Roman Empire By Jason König; p281</ref>
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The Greeks referred to the hoop as the ''trochus''. Hoops, also called ''krikoi,'' were probably made of bronze, iron, or copper, and were driven with a stick called the ''elater''.<ref>Athletics and Games of the Ancient Greeks By Edward M Plummer; p50</ref>  
  
Hoops, also called ''krikoi,'' were probably made of bronze, iron, or copper, and were driven with a stick called the ''elater''.<ref>Athletics and Games of the Ancient Greeks By Edward M Plummer; p50</ref> The hoop was sized according to the player, as it had to come up to the level of the chest. Greek vases generally show the elater as a short straight stick. The sport was regarded as healthful, and was recommended by [[Hippocrates]] for strengthening weak constitutions.<ref>"Hippocrates recommended playing with a hoop as a cure for weak people" Psychoanalytic perspectives on art: PPA, Volume 1 - Page 97 by Mary Mathews Gedo</ref> Even very young children would play with hoops.<ref>The history of the manners and customs of ancient Greece, Volume 1 By James Augustus St. John; p148</ref>
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The hoop held symbolic meanings in Greek myth and culture. A bronze hoop was one of the toys of the infant [[Dionysus]],<ref>Forerunners and Rivals of Christianity: Being Studies in Religious History from 330 B.C. to 330 A.D. by Francis Legge; 1915 p. 125</ref> and hoop driving is an attribute of [[Ganymede (mythology)|Ganymede]], often depicted on [[Ancient Greece|Greek]] vase paintings from the 5th century BC. Images of the hoop are sometimes presented in the context of boylove ancient Greece.<ref>The ancient Olympics By Nigel Jonathan Spivey; p48</ref>
 
 
The hoop thus held symbolic meanings in Greek myth and culture. A bronze hoop was one of the toys of the infant [[Dionysus]],<ref>Forerunners and Rivals of Christianity: Being Studies in Religious History from 330 B.C. to 330 A.D. by Francis Legge; 1915 p. 125</ref> and hoop driving is an attribute of [[Ganymede (mythology)|Ganymede]], often depicted on [[Ancient Greece|Greek]] vase paintings from the 5th century BCE. Images of the hoop are sometimes presented in the context of [[Pederasty in ancient Greece|ancient Greek pederastic tradition]].<ref>The ancient Olympics By Nigel Jonathan Spivey; p48</ref>
 
  
 
<ref>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoop_rolling</ref>
 
<ref>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoop_rolling</ref>

Revision as of 22:16, 26 September 2013

Love gift
Man presents a leg of mutton to a youth with a hoop, in an allusion to boylove.[1] Athenian red-figure vase, ca. 460 BC

The Greeks referred to the hoop as the trochus. Hoops, also called krikoi, were probably made of bronze, iron, or copper, and were driven with a stick called the elater.[2]

The hoop held symbolic meanings in Greek myth and culture. A bronze hoop was one of the toys of the infant Dionysus,[3] and hoop driving is an attribute of Ganymede, often depicted on Greek vase paintings from the 5th century BC. Images of the hoop are sometimes presented in the context of boylove ancient Greece.[4]

[5]

[6]

References

  1. Antike Welten: Meisterwerke griechischer Malerei as dem Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1997, pp.110-111
  2. Athletics and Games of the Ancient Greeks By Edward M Plummer; p50
  3. Forerunners and Rivals of Christianity: Being Studies in Religious History from 330 B.C. to 330 A.D. by Francis Legge; 1915 p. 125
  4. The ancient Olympics By Nigel Jonathan Spivey; p48
  5. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoop_rolling
  6. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Athenian_pederasty