Pederastic couples in Japan

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Mori Ranmaru-Utagawa Kuniyoshi-ca.1850- from TAIHEIKI EIYUDEN.jpg

The tradition of Japanese pederasty originated in the relationships between Buddhist and Shinto clerics and their acolytes, who were known as chigo (稚児 ) .

It was adopted in medieval times by the samurai warrior class, which utilized it as a means of acculturating young samurai into the warrior community, and as a means of reinforcing loyalty and friendship between comrades. It was known as Shudō and constructed as a Way, or that that had an ethic and an aesthetic, that could be transmitted, and was authoritative.

After the pacification of the country under the Tokugawa shogunate the tradition was borrowed by the rising townsmen classes and became increasingly commercialized.

A famous Pederastic couples is enumerated as follows.

Asuka period

  • Emperor Tenji and Fujiwara no Kamatari[1][2]

Nara period

  • Ōtomo no Yakamochi and Fujiwara no Kusumaro
  • Ōtomo no Yakamochi and Kon no Myogun or Yo no Myogun
    • Their mutual love poems appear in the oldest existing collection of Japanese poetry, "Man'yōshū".
  • Kūkai (Kōbō-Daishi) and Taihan
    • Kukai was the legendary founder of the Japanese male love tradition, placing this relationship around 788.
  • Saichō (Dengyō Daishi) and Taihan
    • Although Taihan was Saicho's favorite pupil and promised to be the successor of archibishop in Tendai Buddhism, also around 788, he went to study Shingon Buddhism under Kukai. No matter how insistently Saicho asked Taihan to come back, his entreaties were useless (several letters are extant). Wholly devoted to Kukai, Taihan became one of the Ten Disciples of Kukai and never went back to Saicho. Indignant, Saicho severed his connection with Kukai, after which these two greatest founders of Japanese Buddhism sects remained at odds.

Heian period

Ariwara no Narihira

Kamakura period

Muromachi period

Sengoku period

Azuchi-Momoyama period

Maeda001.jpg

Tokugawa period (Edo period)

Meiji period

References

  1. Oyamada Tomokiyo, " Nanshoku-kō ", 『男色考』
  2. However, it is recorded that Emperor Tenji and Fujiwara no Kamatari were in this relation in Oyamada Tomokiyo, " Nanshoku-kō ", 『男色考』However, it is recorded that Emperor Tenji and Fujiwara no Kamatari were in this relation in Oyamada Tomokiyo, " Nanshoku-kō ", 『男色考』
  3. "古事談" ("Kojidan")
  4. "台記" or "The Diary of Fujiwara no Yorinaga , "続古事談", "Zoku-Kojidan"
  5. "台記" or "The Diary of Fujiwara no Yorinaga"
  6. "吾妻鏡","Azuma Kagami)"
  7. "本朝浜千鳥", Honcho Hamachidori
  8. ("塩尻", Shiojiri, "太平記", Taiheiki, "麓の色", Fumoto no iro
  9. "応仁前記"",Onin zenki"
  10. 新井白石 Arai Hakuseki " 藩翰譜" "Hankan-fu"
  11. "大内義隆軍記","Ōuchi Yoshitaka Gunki"
  12. Leupp, pp.53-54
  13. "Shōnen-ai no Renga Haikai shi" 1997, ISBN 4-8060-4623-x
  14. 新井白石 Arai Hakuseki " 藩翰譜" "Hankan-fu" ,太田錦城 Ota Kinjo " 梧窓漫筆" ,"Goso-manpitsu"
  15. "戦国美少年四天王"
  16. "亜相公御夜話" or "Night-stories of Maeda Toshiie"
  17. 太田錦城 Ota Kinjo " 梧窓漫筆" ,"Goso-manpitsu"
  18. 太田錦城 Ota Kinjo " 梧窓漫筆" ,"Goso-manpitsu"
  19. 太田錦城 Ota Kinjo " 梧窓漫筆" ,"Goso-manpitsu"
  20. 『片倉代々記』,"Katakura Daidaiki"
  21. Louis Crompton, p.439
  22. Crompton, p.439
  23. "寛明記事" ("Kanmei-kiji") or "The Chronicle from kan'ei to meireki"
  24. "Date Masamune's letters", Tokyo: Sinchosensho,1995, ISBN 4106004798 ISBN 978-4106004797
  25. "葉隠","Hagakure"
  26. "三王外記""Sanno gaiki"or "The secret history of the three rulers", 御当代記" or "The history of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi",etc
  27. Rictor Norton, Ed. My Dear Boy: Gay Love Letters through the Centuries; pp.71-72
  28. "Seichu bukan","誠忠武鑑","Chugi Bukegirimonogatari","忠義武家義理物語","Chugi Taiheiki-taizen","忠義太平記大全",etc.


Sources

  • Ihara Saikaku (Paul Gordon Schalow, trans.). The Great Mirror of Male Love. Stanford University Press, 1990. ISBN 978-0804718950
  • Leupp, Gary. Male Colors: The Construction of Homosexuality in Tokugawa Japan. University of California Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0520209008
  • Pflugfelder, Gregory. Cartographies of Desire: Male-Male Sexuality in Japanese Discourse, 1600-1950. University of California Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0520251656
  • Watanabe, Tsuneo et Jun'ichi Iwata, La voie des éphèbes: histoire et histoires des homosexualités au Japon. Paris, 1987. ISBN 2865090248
  • Watanabe, Tsuneo and Jun'ichi Iwata. The Love of the Samurai: A Thousand Years of Japanese Homosexuality. GMP, London, 1989. ISBN 0-85449-115-5
  • Miller, Stephen D. (edited), Partings at Dawn : An Anthology of Japanese Gay Literature. 1996. ISBN 0-940567-18-0
  • Hanafusa Shiro, Nanshoku-ko, 1928.
  • Inagaki Taruho, Inagaki Taruho Taizen 2, 1969.
  • Domoto Masaki, Nanshoku Engeki-shi, 1970.
  • Domoto Masaki, Nanshoku Engeki-shi, (New rev.), 1976.
  • Iwata, Jun'ichi, Honcho Nanshoku-ko, 1974.
  • Iwata, Jun'ichi, Nanshoku bunkenshoshi, 1973.
  • Minakata Kumagusu, Minakata Kumagusu Zenshu 9, 1973.
  • Hasegawa Kozo and Tsukikawa Kazuo (eds.), Minakata Kumagusu nanshoku dangi, 1991. ISBN 4896946138
  • Iwata, Jun'ichi, Honcho Nanshoku-ko & Nanshoku bunkenshoshi, 2002. ISBN 4562034890
  • Sunaga Asahiko, Bishōnen Nihonshi, 2002. ISBN 4336043981
  • Sunaga Asahiko et al.(eds.), Shomotsu no Okoku 8; Bishōnen, 1997. ISBN 4336040087
  • Sunaga Asahiko et al.(eds.), Shomotsu no Okoku 9; Ryoseiguyu, 1998. ISBN 4336040095
  • Sunaga Asahiko et al.(eds.), Shomotsu no Okoku 10; Doseiai, 1999. ISBN 4336040109
  • Hanasaki kazuo, Edo no Kagemajaya, 1980, 1991.
  • Hanasaki kazuo, Edo no Kagemajaya, (New rev.), 2002. ISBN 4895222853
  • Hanasaki kazuo, Edo no Kagemajaya, (New rev.), 2006. ISBN 4895224708
  • Ujiie Mikito, Bushido to Eros 1995. ISBN 406149239x
  • Ujiie Mikito, Edo no Seidan, 2003. ISBN 4062683857
  • Hiratsuka Yoshinobu, Nihon ni okeru Nanshoku no Kenkyu, 1983.
  • Shibayama Hajime, Edo Nanshoku-ko, 3 vol. 1992-1993. ISBN 4826501501, ISBN 4826501528, ISBN 482650151x
  • Saneyoshi Tatsuo, Honcho Bishōnen-roku, 1993. ISBN 4875199155
  • Kakinuma Eiko, Kurihara Chiyo et al. (eds.), Tanbi-Shosetsu, Gay-Bungaku Book Guide, 1993. ISBN 4893673238
  • Shunroan Shujin (Watanabe Shin'ichiro), Edo no Shikido; Nanshoku-hen, 1996. ISBN 4916067177
  • Watanabe Shin'ichiro, Edo no Keibo-jutsu, 2005. ISBN 4106035472
  • Koishikawa Zenji (edited), Nanshoku no minzokugaku, ISBN 4826503830
  • Koishikawa Zenji (edited), Gei no minzokugaku, ISBN 4826504357
  • Timon Screech, Takayama Hiroshi(translat.), Shunga, 1998. ISBN 4062581280

See also

External links